Dysentery Symptoms, Causes, Risks, Diagnosis and Treatment


Dysentery Symptoms, Causes, Risks, Diagnosis and Treatment

Dysentery is a intestinal infection, which causes severe diarrhea with blood. In some cases, stool can be found. Dysentery usually lasts for 3 to 7 days.

Other symptoms may include, such as

1. Stomach cramps or pain

2. jiggle

3. Vomiting

4. Fever of 100.4 degree Fahrenheit (38 degrees C) or higher

5. Dehydration, if treatment is not done then life can be dangerous

Dysentery usually spreads as a result of poor hygiene. For example, if a person who does not wash his hands after using toilets, then whenever he touches anything, he is at risk.

The infection also spreads through exposure to food or water, which is contaminated with fecal matter. Careful hand washing and proper sanitation can help prevent the dysentery, and prevent it from spreading.

Type of Dysentery

Most people who experience dysentery develop bacterial dysentery or the Amoebic Dysentery.

Bacterial dysentery is caused by bacterial infections from Shigella, Campylobacter, Salmonella, or Enterohomecic E. coli. Diarrhea from Shigella is also called shigellosis. Shigellosis is the most common type of disease.

The amoebic dysentery is caused by a single cell parasite, which infects the intestines. It is also called amabiasis.

In the developed world, the amoebic dysentery is less common. It is usually found in tropical areas, which have poor sanitary conditions. Most cases of the Amoebic Dysentery are those who have traveled in an area where it is common.

Dysentery Symptoms

The main symptom of dysentery is the liquid diarrhea surrounded by blood, mucous, or pulse. Other symptoms include, such as

1. The sudden start of high fever and cold

2. stomach ache

3. Spasms and swelling

4. Flatulence (gas passing)

5. Urgency to Pass Stool

6. Emotional emptying

7. Lack of hunger

8. Weight Loss

9. Headache

10. Fatigue

11. Vomiting

12. Dehydration

Other symptoms can be temporary, and it may include recurring fewer fever, abdominal cramps, increased gas, and light and firm diarrhea. You can feel weak and anemic, or lose weight on long (weight). Light cases of bacillary dysentery can last 4 to 8 days, while severe cases can last for 3 to 6 weeks. Amebiasis usually lasts for about 2 weeks.

Symptoms of Bacillary Dysentery begin within 2 to 10 days of infection. In children, illness begins with fever, nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, and diarrhea. The incidence of diarrhea can increase with blood, mucus and pus in the child's stool, once in an hour. As a result of vomiting, rapid and serious dehydration can occur, which can cause shock and death if not treated. Symptoms of dehydration include a very dry mouth, sunny eyes, and bad skin tone. Children and babies will become thirsty, restless, irritable, and possibly lethargic. Babies can also have eyes, and may not be able to produce tears or urine, then look very dark and concentrated.

Dysentery Causes and Risk Factors


Shigellosis and Amoebic Dysentery usually results from poor hygiene. It refers to those environments, where people who do not have dysentery, they come in contact with fecal matter, who have dysentery.

This contact can be done through this, like

1. Doodle food

2. Contaminated water and other beverages

3. Poor hands by infected people

4. Contaminated water, such as swimming in lakes or pools

5. Fostering

Children are at highest risk for shigellosis, but no one can get it at any age. It is easily spread through the person with personal contact and contaminated food and drink.

Shigellosis mostly spreads among those who are in close contact with the infected person, such as people,

1. At home

2. In Day Care Center

3. In schools

4. In the nursing home

Dysentery is mainly spread by eating contaminated food or drinking contaminated water in tropical areas, which contains poor sanitation.

Dysentery diagnosis

If you or your child have symptoms of dysentery, see your doctor. If untreated, then dysentery can cause serious dehydration and can endanger life.

Upon your appointment, the doctor will review your symptoms and any recent travels. You should note any trip outside the country. This information can help the doctor reduce the potential causes of your symptoms.

There may be diarrhea in many situations. If you do not have other symptoms of the dysentery, then the doctor will order a diagnostic test to determine which bacteria are present. This includes blood testing and laboratory test of stool sample.

The doctor can also do additional tests to decide if antibiotic will help.

Dysentery Treatment

Mild shigellosis is usually treated with comfort and fluid only. Over-the-counter medication, such as Bismuth's Sabalassiislate (Papito-Bismoule), can help relieve cramps and diarrhea. You should avoid medicines which slow down the intestines, such as lopermamide (emodium) or atropine-diphenoxylate (lamotil), which can worsen the condition.

Serious shigellosis can be treated with antibiotics, but bacteria that cause it, is often resistant. If your doctor determines antibiotic, and you do not see improvement after a few days, tell the doctor. Your stress of shigella bacteria can be resistant, and the physician may need to adjust your treatment plan.

The American dysentery is treated with metronidazole (flaggil) or tinidazole (tindmax). These medicines kill parasites. In some cases, to ensure that all parasites have gone, a follow-up medicine is given.

In severe cases, the doctor can recommend an intravenous (IV) drip to prevent fluid and to prevent dehydration.

Dysentery Complications

In some cases, dysentery can cause complications. Includes, like

Postinfectatory osteoporosis - it affects about 2% of the people, who receive a special tension of Shigella bacteria called S fluxannie. These people can develop joint pain, eye irritation, and painful urination. Postinfectoose arthritis can last for months or years.

Blood flow infection - These are rare, and there is the possibility of affecting people with weak immune systems, such as people with HIV or cancer.

Tours - Occasionally small children can have generalized visits. It is not clear why this happens. This complexity usually solves without treatment.

Hemolytic Euremic Syndrome (HUS) - A type of Shigella bacteria, S. Dissentaria, can sometimes make HOS poisonous and destroy red blood cells.

In rare cases, the consequence of Dysentery of the Amazon may be favored or parasite spread in the lungs or brain.

Dysentery Outlook

Shigellosis generally goes in a week or less, and it does not require therapeutic drugs. If you have shigellosis, avoid preparing meals for other people and do not swim. Those who have shigellosis, and work with children, preparing for food, or in healthcare, the diarrhea should remain closed until the diarrhea is closed. If you or your partner has shigellosis, avoid having sex until you have diarrhea.

Most people with Amoebic Dysentery are sick for several weeks from some days. If you have doubts about Amoebic Dysentery, then it is important to pay immediate medical attention. The doctor should write medicine to get rid of the parasite, which is the reason for this kind of dysentery.

Dysentery Prevention

Shigellosis can be prevented through good hygiene practices, such as

1. Frequent hand washing

2. Be careful when changing a sick child diaper

3. Not swallow water during swimming

The best way to stop the Amoebic Dysentery is to be careful about what you eat and drink while you are in the area wherever you are. While traveling in these areas, you should avoid this, like-

1. Drinks with ice cubes

Drinks that are not bottled and sealed

3. Food and drinks sold by street vendors

4. Open fruits or vegetables, until you peel them yourself

5. Cream milk, cheese, or dairy products

Safe sources of water include, for example,

1. Bottled water, if the stamp is monolithic

2. If carbon is seamless then carbonated water in cans or bottles

3. If the seal is monolithic then leave it in the cans or bottles

4. Tap the water that is boiled for at least one minute.

5. Tap water that is filtered through 1-micron filter with chlorine or iodine tablet.

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