Resources in India - Meaning, Importance and Type

Resources in India - Meaning, Importance and Type
Resources in India - Meaning, Importance and Type 

Resources in India - Resources are those aspects which facilitate to satisfaction of human wants or help to solve the problems. In other words, anything with fulfills human words or more or less it helps in solving problems are called resources. For example, water is a resource as it is used for drinking, irrigation, cleaning purposes and cooking. In the same way all those things which fulfill human needs for words are known as resources.

Resources make human life simple and happy. Primitive man was completely dependent on nature. Gradually a man utilised element of nature with his intelligence fulfill their needs. . Today those countries which have more resources are considered as developed and prosperous. Resources have importance in our life as their availability indicates development.We must understand that any element of nature is a resource when it helps to fulfill human needs. Man can convert any substance or material into resources. To fulfill his needs man can make the natural elements useful and valuable by his intelligence, skill and technical knowledge. With this processes the natural element become resources. In short we can say that 'Natural elements become resources when man modified them to be more useful and valuable to fulfill his needs with the help of his intelligence, skills and technical knowledge.

Usually resources are natural. According to Mcnall, P.E. ‘Natural Resources are those resources which are provided by nature and are useful to men.’ In the process of conservation of materials to resources creation, man's  pens role is supreme. Man himself is a resource. And educated, skilled and healthy man is a valuable resources for a country.

Resources can be classified on the basis of ownership, availability, distribution and uses.

Classification on the basis of ownership

  • Personal Resources - Property, health etc.
  • National Resources - Wealth of nation, Military power, Patriotism etc.
  • World Resources - Physical and Biological elements of the world for the welfare of mankind.

Classification on the basis of Availability

  • Renewable Resources - Those resources which regenerate themselves naturally, provided that they are not subjected to wholesome destruction e.g. agricultural land useful by using manure. Some of them are renewable only so long as they are used frequently within the limit said by nature.
  • Non Renewable Resources - Those resources when once used they are finished forever e.g., Petrol, coal etc.
  • Recyclable Resources - Those minerals, which can be processed and used again and again e.g., Minerals like iron, copper etc.
  • Inexhaustible Resources - Those resources which are not exhausted even if they are used. e.g., Solar energy, water.

Classification on the basis of Distribution

  • Easily available resources (Ubiquitous) - Resources which are available everywhere e.g. Oxygen in the air.
  • Common available resources (Commonalities) - Resources which are available at many places. e.g.; soil, tillable land.
  • Rarely available resources (Rarities) - Resources which are available in few places e.g.; Coal, Gold, Uranium etc.
  • Single resources (Uniquities) - Resources which are available at one on two places in the world e.g., Commercial cryolite metal which is found only in Greenland Indian natural form.

Classification on the basis of of uses

  • Unused Resources - When resources are not in use they are called unused Resources.
  • Unusable Resources - Resources which cannot be used for other even with the present day technique are unusable resources.
  • Potential Resources - There are resources which are known but are not in use due to lack a technology or planning, possibly they may be used in near future are known as potential resources, e.g. running water of rivers may be used for irrigation by constructing of canal. Similarly, dams may be constructed to produce electricity.
  • Latent Resources - There are many resources which have been unknown to man. If the properties and the utility of resource is not known it is called latent resource. Petroleum was a latent resource until its properties and uses were not known to man.            


In this article we will study soil, water, forest and wildlife resources.

Disclaimer: Latest Carer Website is designed only for the Educational Purpose. We provide you the material already available on the Internet as per the requirement. So if you have a problem or law violation with any of our shared products, then please try to notify us at
Next Post »