History of Mughal Emperor Humayun

History of Mughal Emperor Humayun

  • Humayun was the eldest of Babur's four sons (Humayun, Kamran, Askari, and Hindal).
  • 4 days after the death of Babur, Humayun sat on the throne of India on December 30, 1530, at the age of 23.
  • Humayun was the only ruler in the Mughal ruler who divided the empire into his brothers who made a great cause for his failure.
  • According to the father's order, Humayun gave Kamran to Kabul and Kandahar, Akshara and gave the temple of Alwar the fort. Apart from this, his cousin Suleman Mirza gave the manor of a bad habit.
  • Humayun actually inherited the difficulties from his father, who extended his brother and sister to Mirza.
  • Initially, Babur's Chief Minister Nizamuddin Ali Khalifa wanted Humayun to be disqualified, Babar's brother-in-law, Mehdi Khwaja, wanted to put his throne on the throne, but later, in support of his life, he supported Humayun.
  • Humayun's biggest difficulty was that he was an Afghan foe who constantly tried to expel the Mughals out of India.
  • Humayun's contemporary Afghan leader was Sher Khan who became famous in the name of Sher Shah Suri in history.
  • The second major opponent of Humayun was the ruler of Gujarat, Bahadur Shah.
  • In addition, some historians have considered Humayun's failure as a personal weakness.
  • Humayun made his first attack on King Pratap Rudra Dev, ruler of Kalinjar in 1531, but he failed.
  • Humenun's Kalinjar invasion was basically an attempt to stop the growing power of Bahadur Shah.
  • In the reign of Humayun, his first encounter with the Afghans took place in the year of 1532 AD at the place of two areas. Afghans were led by Mahmoud Lodhi but the Afghans were defeated.
  • In 1532, when Humayun first covered the circle of Chunar At that time this fort was under Afghan ruler Sheikha.
  • Sher Khan accepted the submission of Humayun and along with his boys Qutub Khan sent an Afghan soldier in service to the Mughals.
  • In 1532, Bahadur Shah conquered the important district of Raisin and in 1533 AD, compelled Mewar to make a treaty.
  • Bahadur Shah had prepared good artillery with the help of Turkish famous gunman Rumi Khan.
  • Humayun invaded Bahadur Shah in 1535-36. Bahadur Shaha was defeated. Humayun won the kg of Mandu and Champaner.
  • In 1534 AD, Sher Shah wins Surajgarh and conquered Bengal again in 1536 AD, taking a loan of 135 lakhs from the ruler of Bengal, Shakka's power and respect increased greatly.
  • Consequently, in order to suppress the Sher Khan, Humayun put Chunjargarh in the second hierarchy in 1538 AD and took over the fort.
  • When Humayun reached Gaud on 15th August 1538, he saw a pile of ruins and desolation around him. Humayun named this place Jannatabad.
  • On returning from Bengal, between Humayun and Sher Khan, a battle took place on Chausa near Buxar on 29 June 1539, in which Humayun was badly defeated.
  • Humayun jumped into the Ganges river along with his horse and saved his life with the help of a wall. Humayun, instead of this favor, made that Bhishti a day's emperor.
  • As a result of this victory, Sher Khan assumed the title of "Sher Shah" and ordered his name to be printed and to be cast.
  • Humayun was defeated in the battle of Kannauj on May 17, 1540. It was a very decisive battle.
  • After the Battle of Kannauj, once again came into the hands of the Afghans on the power of Hindustan.
  • During his exile, Humayun married Hididabano Begum, daughter of the spiritual guru of Hindal, Mir Ali, on 29 August 1541. Akbar was born in this period.

Humayun to regain state

  • Humayun took possession of Kabul and Kandahar in 1545 AD.
  • Humayun reached Peshawar on 05 December 1554 to regain Hindustan again. February 1555 AD took control of Lahore.
  • On 15th May 1555, there was a battle in the place named Machhiwara in Afghanistan under the leadership of the Mughals and Afghan nobles Naseeb Khan and Tatar Khan. Consequently, the entire Mughals were empowered on entire Punjab.
  • On 22nd June 1555, a battle took place between the Mughals and Afghans at the place called Sirhind. Bairam Khan led Sikandar Sur and the Mughal army under the leadership of the Afghan Army. The Afghan was badly beaten.
  • The victory of the Mughals in the battle of Sirhind gave him the throne of India once again.
  • Thus, July 23, 1555 AD Humayun once again sat on the Takht of Delhi, but he could not live for long.
  • Unfortunately, one day he was descending from the stairs of the library located in Dinappan Bhawan in Delhi and died. Thus, he departed from this world in 1556 AD.
  • Commenting on Humayun, Lupul said, "Humangu kept fighting for a long time and gave his life while fighting."
  • Humayun used to believe in astrology, so she wears seven colors on Satu on the seventh day of the week. Mainly white on Sunday, black on Saturdays and white clothes on Monday.
  • Humayun was very fond of opium.
  • In the Mughal emperors, Humayun was the only ruler who divided the empire into his brothers, so Abul Fazl has addressed Humayun as Insan-e-Kamil.
  • Bairam Khan was a qualified and loyal army commander of Humayun who helped him in exile and reunion.
Oldest